Making wool

Wool comes from sheep, goats and possibly some other animals with soft and curly fur. It’s normally sheared (a haircut). The wool is then cleaned and washed, which is quite a lengthy and sometimes smelly process.


When the wool has dried, it’s either used as is, or dyed, preferably using natural dyes, for example, onion skins, elderberries or woad. The list of possible vegetable dyes is almost endless and there is always room for experimentation.


We then card the wool, which means straightening out the fibers to make them usable for spinning or felting.

Needlefelting

Materials

  • Wool
  • Felting needle. It’s a special type of needle with microscopic barbs that help pull wool fibers back into themselves.
  • Backing foam. A work surface that prevents you from stabbing yourself.

Procedure

  1. Take a pinch of wool.
  2. Shape it with your fingers.
  3. Use the needle to work the fibers into themselves.
  4. More ideas how to do it, here

Spinning

Materials

  • Wool
  • There are many different tools for spinning. From a simple drop spindle to a spinning wheel.

Procedure

  1. Take a pinch of wool and stretch it with your fingers.
  2. Twist the wool with your fingers.
  3. When it starts to look&feel like a piece of yarn, add it to your spindle.
  4. Spin your spindle around, add more wool to the open end.
  5. Roll up your finished yarn on your spindle.